Chapter 24 Review
1. What does the National
Organ Transplant Act (NOTA) regulate and what does it not regulate?
2. What kind of scandal
has emerged recently related to universities and the sale of body parts?
3. What may happen if the
ultimate purchase of a body part is highly separated from the initial act of
4. What effect might the
legalization of the market for body parts and products have? What has hindered
the legalization of the market?
5. The Institute of
Medicine’s report on organ donation discusses a study of individuals in
Chennai, India, who sold kidneys to pay off debt. Describe the general outcomes
for the kidney donors and recipients.
a minor has the capacity to consent to medical treatment depends upon the
totality of the circumstances and the facts of each case. What criteria should
do a minor’s choices take precedence over the parents’ choices? Can state law
what reasons do states sometimes get involved in minors’ medical care?
is it essential for medical care providers to determine and document a minor’s
to developmental theorist Jean Piaget, when do most minors begin to employ
mature thinking processes? What are some criticisms of Piaget’s model in the
context of medical decision-making?
Chapter 35 Review
some characteristics of the research and development of new medical products.
the requirements for new medical products to obtain FDA approval to that of
generic versions. Why do they differ?
clinical trial research ever be conducted without obtaining informed consent?
does the informed consent process provide to participants? May informed consent
be obtained from children?
did a government report, authored in 2001, conclude about Pfizer’s clinical
trial of the drug Trovan in Nigeria? What happened to the report? What
subsequently happened to Pfizer?
Chapter 39 Review
role does the reform of the nation’s health care laws and regulations play in
the reform of health care? Describe briefly the current nature of those laws
are some reasons why comprehensive regulatory reform clearly is needed in the
balance between what two forces must be examined so that the U.S. can remain
competitive in the global health care arena?
the past, Americans have resisted any limits on health care. However, going
forward, what questions may arise related to potential limits on care?
should be some consolidation in oversight of the U.S. health care system, but
it may be difficult politically. What role do congressional committees play in