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Psychology

the thoughts that people faced of conflict over temptation.

We all have reached a point of temptation in our lives and have tried to resist, yet it seems so irresistible. Walter Mischel wanted to investigate the thoughts that people faced of conflict over temptation. He did not quite understand how some people were able to resist impulses and others could not. In today’s society, there are a variety of advertisements that demonstrate immediate happiness that allows us to give into our impulses which we crave for immediate gratification. Cloninger (2012) state, “In the face of these temptations, delay of gratification, the ability to defer present gratification for larger future goals, is an important adaptational skill that develops in childhood.” Being able to resist temptation is a skill that we develop as a child, and the experiment in the Youtube video displays that.
An example of this is the marshmallow experiment in which young children were given the choice of receiving a small reward immediately or waiting for a larger reward. As I watched the video I saw each child struggle to resist temptation. Some of the children would touch the marshmallow, a few would stare at it, and the rest took a small bite. It was really difficult to sit in front of a marshmallow and not take a bite. There was one child in the video which stood out to me, the one with the sibling which he reassured himself that he was going to get two marshmallows if he waited by asking the lady, “If we wait, you’ll give us two?” He decided to wait, however his younger sister not so much as she immediately took a small bite. The young boy continues to wait patiently and watched his sister continue to take small bites and reminds her that since she has already ate the marshmallow she will no longer receive two. FloodSanDiego (2010) video shows the young boy saying, “She still won’t give you two, because you ate it.” This video displayed how the young boy displayed great resistance to temptation and waited for he bigger reward.
Furthermore, the conflict that we experience from the delay of gratification theoretically is a battle of cognition over emotion. In other words, the chapter explains that we have a hot “go” emotional system that urges us to go for immediate pleasure and a cool “know” cognitive system that tries to restrain. Our body has these two systems that are internally battling each other so resist for immediate gratification.
References
Cloninger, S. C. (2012). Theories of Personality: Understanding Persons (6th Edition) (6th ed.) . Pearson.
FloodSanDiego. (2010, April 29). The Marshmallow Experiment- Instant Gratification [Video]. YouTube. https://youtube.com/watch?v=Yo4WF3cSd9Q (Links to an external site.)
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Discipline: THP