Our Ocean is Crucial for Our Survival

Read the following passage.
I have also provided the book in the form of pdf.

Our Ocean is Crucial for Our Survival
In the 21st century, after decades of rapid development, humans have advanced so far that now our collective species has the ability to threaten the life of every living thing on this planet with an extinction level event. With a rapidly growing population, basic resources such as drinking water and food will be scarcer as more land is being used for growing food, infrastructure such as factories, landfills, and sewage facilities which will lead to social problems such as higher prices of basic human needs such as shelter. Should we not stop doing our current practices and use land more efficiently since we’re running out of space?
Growing fish uses less space and pollution than a land-based livestock. It is simpler to switch to a plant-based diet such as veganism, but the human body is supposed to eat meat. In addition, many people report feeling unwell when eating only plant-based diets. Hence, seafood is a better alternative as fish could grow in abundance in open waters on offshore fisheries where space is not a problem. So, switching to a seafood-based diet will show significant improvement in health and obesity rates, not mentioning reducing the cost of an unaffordable healthcare system.
Economically it is logical. Currently, the US produces greenhouse emissions and still relies heavily on coal, oil and gas for energy production. The pollution created by fossil-fuel combustion, a majority of which comes from energy production such as coal, natural gas and petroleum fired power plants and transportation, releases carbon dioxide and other toxic air pollutants which is linked to diseases such as asthma and lung cancer. Some of these power plants are developed near low-income communities which widen inequality. These communities have a higher rate of diseases related to air pollution than those of communities where a power plant is located at least 10-15 miles away, and these communities tend to pay higher health insurance. So, using the ocean and a seafood-based diet can allow us to solve some of these issues.
This idea is nothing new or groundbreaking. It’s not even controversial. It’s a matter of awareness and sensibility. Most people don’t care or bother, and the same goes for the government as it maintains the status quo. With the ever-lasting threat of climate change, humans must adapt in order to survive in the future. The ocean and the current technology available has the potential to undo a century of polluting and help us to re-think how we think as a collective civilization. This is a test for the entire human race to figure out how to solve an existential crisis as great as nuclear weapons. The difference is, it is slow. The use of the ocean for our food is just a small piece of an answer to a greater problem, If our species can set aside our numerous differences to work together, achieving this will propel our society and the future into something great. ”
Step 2
Copy and paste the questions and then respond under each of the following questions as appropriate:
Are there any fallacies in the reasoning? If so, what are they?
Provide at least three examples
Label each fallacy with its name as provided in the class textbook
Explain your logic
Are there any rival causes for the author’s conclusion? If so, what are they?
Provide at least two examples
Provide a definition for what a rival cause is as described in the class textbook
Explain your logic
How good is the evidence? Are any of the statistics deceptive? Explain your logic.
Note: This response should be double the length of questions #1 and 2
Make sure to provide specific examples
Overall, how would you describe the quality of critical thinking demonstrated in this article? Why? Explain your logic.
Note: This response should be double the length of questions #1 and 2
5. What is the total number of words (not counting my questions) you have written in this assignment?
Please note that in order to earn full credit for this assignment:
You need to answer all parts of each question.
Your total of all responses should be a minimum of 450 words.