SPECIFIC APA GUIDELINES FOR MEDICAL
SURGICAL II & III
APA PAPER student topic selection and expectations.
You will find many topic choices throughout the
syllabus under TOPICS. Try to choose one that interests you or inspires
REMEMBER STUDENTS THIS COUNTS AS AN EXAM GRADE!
FINAL GRADE BREAKDOWN FOR APA PAPER
Body of Information
APA, In Text Citations,
Grammar & Spelling
APA FORMAT PAPER
BODY OF PAPER (MINIMUM 4 PAGES)
NOTE: THE TITLE PAGE, ABSTRACT AND REFERENCE PAGES DO NOT
COUNT AS BODY OF PAPER.
THE BODY OF THE PAPER REQUIRES A 4 PAGE MINUMUM.
REMEMBER IN TEXT CITATION SHOULD BE THROUGHOUT YOUR PAPER.
PLEASE DO NOT HAND IN A PAPER WITH ONLY A REFERENCE SHEET.
LASTLY, I HAVE PROVIDED MANY RESOURCES TOSUPPORT YOU WITH
THIS……. USE THEM!
WARNING: PLAGERISM WILL NOT BE TOLERATED!!
GRAMMARLY OFFERS A FREE SERVICE CHECKER AND EDITOR
THIS WILL ALOW YOU TO SUBMIT YOUR PAPER TO HAVE SPELLING,
GRAMMER AND PUNCTUATION CHECKED.
WHEN WRITING BODY OF PAPER FOLLOW THESE RULES:
Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment
of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be
attributed to the original author. And must be in quotations. Use QUOTATIONS
sparingly paraphrasing and summarizing should be used as much as possible. Do
not turn in a paper with all quotes.
Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your
own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source.
Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a
somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.
Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words,
including only the main point(s). Once again, it is necessary to attribute
summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter
than the original and take a broad overview of the source material.
Read the entire text, noting
the key points and main ideas.
Summarize in your own words
what the single main idea of the essay is.
Paraphrase important supporting
points that come up in the essay.
Consider any words, phrases, or
brief passages that you believe should be quoted directly.
In-Text Citations: The Basics
When using APA format, follow the author-date
method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year
of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones,
1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end
of the paper.
If you are referring to an idea from another
work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making
reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make
reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your
in-text reference. All sources that are cited in the text must appear in the
reference list at the end of the paper.
CITATION CAPITALIZATION, QUOTES, AND ITALICS/UNDERLINING
Always capitalize proper nouns,
including author names and initials: D. Jones.
If you refer to the title of a
source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long
or greater within the title of a source: Permanence and Change.
Exceptions apply to short words that are verbs, nouns, pronouns,
adjectives, and adverbs: Writing New Media, There Is
Nothing Left to Lose.
(Note: in your References list, only the first word
of a title will be capitalized: Writing new media.)
When capitalizing titles,
capitalize both words in a hyphenated compound word: Natural-Born
Capitalize the first word after
a dash or colon: “Defining Film Rhetoric: The Case of
Italicize the titles of longer
works such as books, edited collections, movies, television series,
documentaries, or albums: The Closing of the American Mind; The
Wizard of Oz; Friends.
Put quotation marks around the
titles of shorter works such as journal articles, articles from edited
collections, television series episodes, and song titles: “Multimedia
Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds;” “The One Where
Chandler Can’t Cry.”
If you are directly quoting from a work, you
will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the
reference (preceded by “p.”). Introduce the quotation with a signal
phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication
According to Jones (1998), “Students
often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first
time” (p. 199).
Jones (1998) found “students often had
difficulty using APA style” (p. 199); what implications does this have for
If the author is not named in a signal phrase,
place the author’s last name, the year of publication, and the page number in
parentheses after the quotation.
She stated, “Students often had
difficulty using APA style” (Jones, 1998, p. 199), but she did not offer
an explanation as to why.
Place direct quotations that are 40 words or
longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks.
Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin,
i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph. Type the entire
quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent
paragraph within the quotation 1/2 inch from the new margin. Maintain
double-spacing throughout. The parenthetical citation should come after the
closing punctuation mark.
Jones’s (1998) study found the following:
Students often had
difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing
sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students
failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help. (p. 199)
If you are paraphrasing an idea from another
work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in
your in-text reference, but APA guidelines encourage you to also provide the
page number (although it is not required).
According to Jones (1998), APA style is a
difficult citation format for first-time learners.
APA style is a difficult citation format for
first-time learners (Jones, 1998, p. 199).
GOOD LUCK STUDENTS REMEMBER THIS COUNTS AS AN EXAM GRADE!!!
THOUGHTFULLY PROF. V
SPECIFIC APA GUIDELINES FOR MEDICAL