Communication/ Use of Technology

This is step two of completing your research paper.
This is a rough draft. Below are the instructions. I’ve uploaded my document for you to rewrite.
Choose one of the given topics given by your instructor to write a research paper.
Use the following databases/websites for gathering sources of information for your research paper.
1. Galileo (Galileo)
2. Internet search vehicles such as PubMed (Pub Med)
3. Reputable websites like the CDC , EPA , National Library of Medicine, .edu, .gov, or .org.
4. Secondary sources like newspapers, review articles, magazines, etc.
5. Absolutely no Wikipedia
APA Style, 3-5 pages, double-spaced, 12 pt Times New Roman Font, Word Document
1. Cover Page: Title of Research Paper, Name, Date, Course/Semester
2. Abstract: Brief overview of what the paper discusses.
3. Introduction to the topic and thesis statement.
4. Discussion, analysis, and interpretation
5. Conclusion
6. Works Cited Page: List of all Resources cited within the text. Must be at least 4 Sources!
The research paper will be graded based upon:
1. Content: Accurate information presented in a logical progression of ideas
2. Critical Thinking: Represented ideas in systematic and thorough manner, good use of sources
3. Communication/ Use of Technology: Well formatted, good mechanics, proficient in use of technology
4. Originality/Use of Proper Citation Methods: Presented information in own words, did not copy and paste
This paper will account for 20% of your overall lab grade.
NOTE: Your final paper should include a cover page, final draft with corrections made from the rough draft, and a works cited page.
The final draft must contain:
1) Cover page that includes the following information
• Title of the Paper
• Name
• Semester Date
• Course
(Note: By providing a cover page, you do not need to duplicate this information on the first page of the paper. You will lose points if this information is duplicated in order to try to increase the length of your paper.)
2) 3-5 full pages of text (12 pt font, double spaced). You will lose points if your final draft is not at least 3 full typed pages. Your paper should include:
• An introduction with a thesis statement:
This section introduces the topic by stating some facts and setting up the problem. Typically, a thesis statement will be found near the end of the introduction and is used to frame the key points to be discussed in the main body of the research paper.
• Main Body: discussion of at least 3 key points
Each key point should be discussed in 1-3 paragraphs each. This is where you should discuss information found in your references. You should not use quotes, but rather paraphrase information into your own words and then cite the reference that the information was obtained from (see how to cite a reference within the text below).
• A summary and conclusion:
This section should summarize the key points discussed in the main body and then finalize the paper with a conclusion. Conclusions usually reveal what knowledge can be gained from the information presented in the main body or rather what gaps in knowledge you see that still remain following your research report.
3) Your paper must include at least 4 References cited within the body of the paper and listed on a separate works cited page. Electronic sources should be carefully evaluated for content and suitability. Just because it is on the internet doesn’t make it true. Suitable references may be either electronic or print sources including textbooks, newspapers and environmental newsletters, and scholarly journals. Wikipedia, while informative is not a suitable source, due to its open access
The Works Cited page should include all sources cited within the text of the research paper.
Sources should be listed alphabetically. Do not list any sources if they were not cited within the paper.
Follow the guidelines below for how to write a citation from a book, media, or a website.
• The citation form for books is:
Last name of author, first initial. Year of publication. Title of book. Place published; publisher, total pages in book.
Example: Horn, D.J. 1978. Biology of Insects. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 439 pp.
• The citation form for magazine, journal or newspaper articles is:
Last name of author, first initial. Year of publication. Title of article. Title of magazine, journal, or newspaper, Volume number (Issue number): first page of article-last page of article.
Example: Lessem, D. 1987. Here come the killer bees. International Wildlife 17(3):13-15.
• The citation form for a website is:
Last name of author, first initial. (Year Published). Title of article. Title of website. Retrieved month date, year, from URL.
Example: Cain, K. (2012). Water aerobics. Retrieved July 16, 2013, from
• No Author:
Title of Article. (Year Published). Title of website. Retrieved month date, year, from URL.
Example: New child vaccine gets funding boost. (2001). Retrieved July 16, 2012, from
How to Cite a Reference within the Text
A section of a sample research paper follows at the end of this outline. Study it carefully and observe the methodology for citing references in the body of your paper. Typically, it should include author’s last name and year of publication. Citations should follow every statement that includes information from a particular reference. For example, if you read in a reference that the sky is blue and you wanted to include this information in your research paper then you would need to cite that reference in your paper.
One author:
Following multiple studies scientist revealed that the sky is in fact blue (Smith, 1977).
Two authors:
Following multiple studies scientist revealed that the sky is in fact blue (Smith and Rogers, 1977).
More than two authors:
Following multiple studies scientist revealed that the sky is in fact blue (Smith et. al., 1977).
Note: et. al. is utilized if a book, journal article or website information has more than two authors.
When citing within the text from a website article that lists no author utilize the first few words of the reference list entry plus the year published.
Example: Recently there was a funding increase reported for new child influenza vaccine research (“New Child Vaccine”, 2001).
Sample Section of Research Paper with References Cited in Text
Insects belong to the Kingdom Animalia and the Phylum Arthropoda (Gould and Keeton, 1996). Insects are placed in the Class Insecta (Gould and Keeton) because of certain structural characteristics such as six legs, division of the body into three regions, paired cerci, Malpighian tubules, and the possession of wings.
Horn (1978) stated that variety is the insect’s outstanding characteristic which implies that it is difficult if not impossible to describe the general characteristics of insects as a whole. Borror, Delong, and Triplehorn (1976) compared the structure of insects with humans and noted that insects are peculiarly constructed animals.